12.3.2. Examples of Conduct Prohibited by Title IX

Title IX protects students from sexual misconduct in a school’s education programs and activities. This means that Title IX protects students in connection with all academic, educational, extracurricular, athletic, and other programs of the school, whether those programs take place in a school’s facilities, on a school bus, at a class or training program sponsored by the school at another location, or elsewhere. For example, Title IX protects a student who is sexually assaulted by a fellow student during a school sponsored fieldtrip or while they are studying abroad. The University’s policies apply to conduct that occurs off-site but has continuing effects on campus.

Title IX broadly prohibits conduct by a recipient of federal financial assistance that results in a person being “excluded from participation in, … denied the benefits of, or … subjected to discrimination under” a federally-assisted program or activity.

Title IX applies its prohibition against sex-based discrimination to the full range of activities related to the recruitment, evaluation, classification, payment, assignment, retention or treatment of employees. Title IX addresses various areas including the treatment of pregnancy as a temporary disability, pre-employment inquiries regarding marital or parental status, imposition of employment criteria or testing devices having a disproportionate impact, recruitment, and compensation and benefits (including equal pension contributions and benefits).

The discrimination prohibited includes exclusion from or being denied the benefits of any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training or other educational program or activity on the basis of sex.